above: 12-week old puppy right: Ch. Ivanwold Diva of Riversong. Winner of 13 all breed Best in Shows.
should not see tongue or teeth. On warm days do not keep these dogs, particularly blacks, out in the sun at outside shows. They overheat quickly with disastrous results. They will also pant heavily. The front legs are straight and placed well under. The Pug should have a chest. Some older dogs, especially males, may get a buildup of muscle on the outside of the legs, but the in- side of the legs should be straight. He must have enough length of neck to support the head and if the shoulder construction is correct—he will not appear as if his head is sitting right on his shoulder. Also, correct structure will not allow him have excessive lift of his front legs. Moderate bend of stifle is called for and the often talked about “Pug roll” comes from his front movement, not his rear, and is not an exaggerated swagger. He should stand squarely with straight legs, level topline and a tight- ly curled high set tail. He should gait the same way—legs moving in paral- lel planes firm top line and the tail not bouncing with each step. This is a companion dog and is not meant to be run around the ring. He should trot by the handler’s side, preferably on a loose lead. They double track and should never be moved so fast as to converge to the center line of gravity. The tail must be high set to continue that appearance of squareness. The Standard talks of a double curl as perfection. Rather than concentrate
on the number of curls, you should see high set tightly curled tails. Of- ten times the tail will curl on the side away from the judge. If so, look at the dog from that side as well. Please do not unroll the tail. There have been questions over the years about wrinkles down the Pug’s back. This issue is not dealt with in the Standard. The key here is to check the top line under those wrinkles to make sure it is level. Otherwise, it is up to you and how you feel about the wrinkles. As they age, they may also develop wrinkles over the shoulders. Coat texture is fine, smooth short and glossy. Blacks are black, sometimes with some white on the chest. Often times you will see some rust in their coats from being out in the sun. The two colors accepted are black and fawn. All others are a disqualifica- tion. Fawn can range from a very light buttery color to a dark apricot color. The trace is a thin line running from the occiput down the back. You will more often see this in young dogs. A wider black saddle or black hairs in a fawn coat should not be considered a disqualification. However, this can be considered a fault. If you are one of the judges who tell Juniors to show them the bite on their dog, most of them will respond, “In this breed we check the mouth by running the flat of our thumb over the bite.” This is what they are taught to say and do not penalize them for re- sponding in this manner.
Just because this is a Toy breed, don’t forgive unsoundness. This is a tough little bundle of muscle and should always move soundly. When you see a Pug stop with all four feet in the right place and tail up—look carefully. When you see a Pug han- dler down on the f loor, setting each foot and holding up the tail—look very carefully. Many Pugs are owner/handled and therefore sometime you will have to forgive less-than-expert handling. But they know when someone knows how to judge their breed, and believe me, word will spread, either good or bad. Never forgive light eyes, bad bites, wry mouths, unsoundness, low set tail or a dog that does not appear square. Square body, round head and curly tail. It is a fun breed to judge and their an- tics in the ring will often amuse you. Enjoy! BIO Charlotte P. Pat- terson bought
her first Pug in 1969 and began a love affair with the breed that lasts even today. She is a breeder, exhibitor, pro-
fessional handler and now, judge. She considers it her great privilege to be in- volved in the sport of dogs.
T op N otch T oys , S eptember 2018 • 69
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